What is CBT and DBT?
What is CBT?
CBT is the shortened version of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. It is a talking therapy that uses various methods as a way of intervening and supporting those who suffer from various mental health disorders, like anxiety and depression, in addition, to those with eating disorders, sleep disorders etc. The concept of CBT is based around the belief that thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are entwined and that negative feelings and thoughts can have you feeling trapped in a vicious cycle.
CBT works by showing your negative thought processes and actions and you are shown how to work through the negative patterns displayed in order to improve your mental well-being as well as giving you the tools to manage your mental health. CBT is unlike most talking therapies, it focuses more on the present situations, feelings and actions rather than focussing on the past. There is a focus on using practical ways to manage your own mental health in ways that you can sustain it even after your time with them is finished as you can go back over their tools of support that get supplied to you, which is a great way of learning what works best to support and maintain good mental health.
What is DBT?
DBT, is Dialectical Behavioural Therapy, and much like CBT it is a talking therapy. What set's it apart from CBT is that this form of therapy is designed for people who feel emotions fairly intensely and struggle to manage them. The aim is to help you process, understand and accept your difficult feelings, whilst you learn the skills to manage them to be able to make the positive changes that will improve your life and mood so that you are in a better space to manage your emotions.
As the charity MIND states "‘Dialectical’ means trying to understand how two things that seem opposite could both be true. For example, accepting yourself,[and your feelings] and changing your behaviour might feel contradictory. But DBT teaches that it's possible for you to achieve these goals together."
DBT treats those with depression, suicide attempts, self-harming and also offers support in some areas of the NHS to children & adolecants, drug & alcohol problems and eating problems.